How to Design a Retirement Asset Allocation for Safety, Growth & Income for Life
How to use the ‘Three Buckets Approach’ – And Why it’s Important
The following content is excerpted from Momma’s Secret Recipe for Retirement Success, by Dan Ahmad, Jim Files, and Jack Canfield. Get your copy here!
In our book, Momma’s Secret Recipe for Retirement Success, we discuss “The 7 Rules To Live By For Retirement Security,” some of which we have also written about on this blog and you can find linked below:
- Avoid Large Losses – Use the 5%-10% Rule
- Minimize Fees
- Significantly Reduce Volatility
- Earn a Reasonable Return Rate
- Manage Taxation
- Generate “Certain Income” from Your Assets that Will Last for as Long as You Live
- Have a Written Retirement Income Plan
If you are like retirees we have met with, you probably love the idea of having a “Retirement Planning Roadmap” like this, right? It’s designed to help you plan for retirement income you can count on – for life.
Your Retirement Reality Check
Here’s an important reality: One investment alone will not allow you to follow “The 7 Rules To Live By For Retirement Security.” You can realize the benefits of following all seven rules when you have an actual plan that ties everything about your money together and when you use what we call the “3 Bucket Safe Money Approach.”
If you are serious about your financial security, your next question is probably, “OK, I really like the idea, but how do I implement it?” So, let’s discuss the “3 Bucket Safe Money Approach” in a way that asks you to imagine the 3 Buckets as a pie chart; an allocation of assets chart. The most important thing to know about our pie chart is it is not just a bunch of mutual funds crammed into one pie, with a lot of the mutual funds behaving similarly. The pie chart we want you to imagine has three separate and distinct sections (buckets) that all act differently, but in concert with one another to help you meet your goals.
First, we determine the amount of income you need for the rest of your life and allocate the assets to Bucket #1 required to produce this amount of income. Second, we determine how much liquidity you need and allocate the assets required to Bucket #2. And third, we determine how much growth you want and allocate the assets required to Bucket #3.
Today, we’ll dive deep into Bucket #1.
SEE ALSO: This is the Number One Thing You Can Do to Gain Greater Retirement Security
The Three Buckets Approach: Filling Bucket #1
For Bucket #1 the goal is to create a high level of income that is guaranteed to be paid to you for as long as you live. We use contractually guaranteed insurance products that are called fixed index annuities with income riders. We use A+ rated insurance companies that have been operating since before the Great Depression, with these companies having a history of keeping all of their contractual financial guarantees to their contract owners even through some of the worst economic time periods the United States has ever been through.
And we know, we just used the bad “A-word” called annuities, which is a dirty word to a lot of people because you’ve heard bad things about annuities. Some of the bad things you have heard about annuities may actually be accurate when you are talking about certain types of annuities. We have seen variable annuities that do not provide principal protection against stock market losses and can carry annual fees as high as 6.5%. Our firm works only with fixed-indexed annuities. But let’s look at how a fixed index annuity with an income rider works.
Understanding Fixed Index Annuities with Income Riders
Fixed index annuities with income riders are specifically designed to:
- Guarantee you won’t lose any principal from stock market losses. If the stock market crashes -53.8% like it did in the 2008 Financial Crisis, you would lose 0%.
- Provide you income guaranteed for as long as you live, and if married, for as long as your spouse lives. Some plans allow for immediate income (within 30 days) while many plans allow income after 12 months. While income can start immediately, you can’t take all of your principal out for a certain time period without paying a premature withdrawal penalty (like a CD).
- Even if you live past life expectancy and use up all the assets in your fixed index annuity with an income rider, and your account value goes to $0, you will still continue to receive the same income for as long as you live. You can’t outlive your income!
- Guarantee you won’t lose any of your current or future gains from stock market losses. For example, if you earn a hypothetical 6% rate of return for five straight years and then the market crashes -50%, 100% of your original principal is protected from losses and 100% of all the gain you made during the five years is protected. What you earn can’t be lost.
- Potential competitive growth rates from a low-risk asset. What does “competitive” mean? It does not mean stock market rates of return. If you want to earn stock market rates of return, you must be willing to take stock market risks. The stock market, as measured by the S&P 500 Index, grew by +19% in 2017, which was a great year. But if you wanted the opportunity to earn +19% in 2017, you had to be willing to take the -53.8% risk the stock market lost in the 2008 Financial Crisis. In 2017 when the stock market grew by +19%, the return goals for fixed index annuities with income riders would have been between +8% to +12%, without principal risk. So, the +8% to +12% return goals were competitive, but they were short of the +19% the market earned, and there is no guarantee the funds will grow at all.
- Allows the assets to grow income tax-deferred until you take distributions. Unlike a portfolio of mutual funds, stocks, and bonds, all annual gains are not reported on your tax return if you are not taking distributions.
- Provide the opportunity for future income increases either through guaranteed increases by deferring income or with potential annual increases based on index performance.
- Carry low fees. The typical total annual fee for a fixed index annuity with an income rider is between 0% to 2%, with the average being right about 1%.
- Passes 100% of assets remaining in your account when you die to your beneficiaries; the insurance company does not keep your money.
So, if fixed index annuities with income riders actually did all of these things, would it be a good place to put some of your retirement assets? In many cases it would.
Would the word “annuity” be a bad word or a very good word? It might seems like a pretty good word now.
Should you put all of your money in a fixed index annuity with an income rider? Definitely not, because they are not a one-size fits all solutions. They also have their own limitations, such as a surrender penalty for a certain time period.
SEE ALSO: An Income Stream You Can’t Outlive
Important: Understanding What Bucket #1 is NOT
You put the portion of your assets into a fixed index annuity with an income rider that you want immediate or future guaranteed income from and that you want 100% principal protection from all stock market losses. It’s important to understand fixed index annuities with income riders are not designed to:
- Give you 100% liquid access to all your funds starting immediately.
- Give you 100% of the stock market upside and gains.
- Be used as a short-term asset alternative.
Why the Three Buckets Approach is Important
The three buckets can be used to create a powerful plan for you, and it all starts with Bucket #1. If you’re interested in learning more about Buckets #2 and #3, we’ll dive deep in future blog posts. You can also grab your copy of Momma’s Secret Recipe for Retirement Success, right here! We cover the three buckets extensively, as well as a plethora of other topics to help you plan the secure retirement of your dreams.
Are you ready to get started protecting and preserving your retirement today? Contact us today. At Peak Financial Freedom Group, we want you to have control over your future. We look forward to helping you achieve the financial independence you desire.